The role of the fatty tissue
The basic unit where the fats in big amounts are gathering, is the fatty cell, which belongs to the supporting connective tissue, and its number and size, as well as their disposition in the body, depends of the nutrition in single phases of life and the type of obesity.
The gathering of the fats into the body is physiological process which comes to the fore even in the second half of life in the womb, so in the twentieth week of pregnancy it’s 0,5%, in the thirtieth 5%, right after the childbirth 16% and in the sixth month it is 26% from the full body weight of the child.
Depending on the nutrition of the pregnant woman and the child in the first 2 years of life, may come to forming bigger number of cells in which will be stored more fat, if the excess of the energetic materials that transforms into fat is bigger.
According to that, positive energetic balance in the persons who have increased number of fatty cells, leads to, so called Hyperplastic obesity, which can be seen in mostly persons who have become fat in their infancy, i.e. in their first 2 years of life or in the period between 9-th and 13-th year of life.
The obesity can strike even in middle ages of life. If in that case, the number of fatty cells doesn’t increase, but the existing cells only expands, it may come to so called Hypertrophic obesity. According to the disposition of the fatty cells, we can classify them into 2 basic types:
- Gynoid fat- Female type of obesity
- Android fat- Male type of obesity
The first type of obesity is known for deposition the fatty cells into the lower body parts, such as pelvis or thighs.
The second type of obesity is characteristic by deposition of the fatty cells into the upper body parts, such as shoulders and chest.
The fatty tissue is considered as an organ of high importance for the metabolism. The metabolic importance of the fatty tissue is related to the type of fatty cells that enters into its composition, but differ in their colors, structure, disposition in body and branching of the blood networks and nerves.